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Makoto Sei Watanabe, Iidabashi Raiway Station.
Over the last twenty years, many architects have proclaimed a new design philosophy, based on the emergent condition of complex-systems science, which opposes conventional analytical methodology, or reductionism, and non-linear processes including computer aided design.
There are people who claim that with the support of computers, entire new forms of design have become possible and there are people who believe that computers have even modified the creative processes and the design theory. In this sense, architects are involved in scientific investigations of artificial life, genetic algorithms and neural network programs.
Artificial Intelligence - supporting the development of digital systems, both those produced for self-generated architectures as well as those for drawing topological transformation in the Euclidean space - is evolving faster than human intelligence and there are numerous studies stating, that it is only a matter of time before our machines become smarter than us .
The use of digital systems for animation, on which programs such as ALIAS and MAYA are conceived, nevertheless have had a liberating and cathartic effect enabling architects to draw and control unusual shapes with high levels of complexity.
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The correct citation for this paper is:
Alessandra Capanna, "BiOrganic Design. A New Method for Architecture and the City", pp. 11-20 in Nexus VI: Architecture and Mathematics, eds. Sylvie Duvernoy and Orietta Pedemonte Turin: Kim Williams Books, 2006.